Bergamo Cathedral

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Bergamo Cathedral

ancient church
Saint Vincent  

The religious construction of the Bergamo Cathedral was built on the site where the ancient church stood of San Vincenzo, perhaps built in the Lombard era, recent discoveries underground cathedral revealed their presence of two churches that preceded it, both large and that they followed the perimeter of the current temple, the early Christian cathedral e the Romanesque one dedicated to San Vincenzo. Both Catholic buildings were supposed to be majestic and richly decorated as evidenced by the remains of paving mosaic from the 6th century they 13th century frescoes. In the late 1400s it was decided to build the Cathedral current and at the initial stage of the work contributed the famous Filarete.

The construction of the Cathedral has been completed at the end of the 17th century the temple was dedicated in Sant'Alessandro. Completion of the cathedral, which houses works by Gian Battista Tiepolo, Giovan Battista Moroni, Sebastiano Ricci and Andrea Previtali, occurred only in the last phase in the nineteenth century with the creation of the dome, while the facade rises to 1866.
Inside the Cathedral in the first chapel on the right San Benedetto in cathedra and Saints by Andrea Previtali and in the one on the left Madonna with Child and Saints by Giovan Battista Moroni.
The Chapel of the Crucifix preserves a crucifix dating back to the 16th century.
There are also three pipe organs. The first and oldest is a Felice Bossi from 1842 with entirely mechanical transmission and set in a beautiful wooden complex by Giovan Battista Caniana, the second instrument it is a 1943 Balbiani Vegezzi-Bossi with electric transmission which was definitively expanded in 2009 and moved to Cornu Epistolae.
In the apse behind the altar there are seven large paintings, including the Martyrdom of Saint John the Bishop by Giambattista Tiepolo. The Sant'Alessandro in the apse basin is the work of Carlo Innocenzo Carloni.
The altar of the Cathedral was built based on designs by Filippo Juvara. The crypt preserves a fresco of fourteenth century, a pluteus and a twisted column of the ancient cathedral.
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