The territory of South America has an area of 17,840,000 square kilometers, corresponding to almost 3.5% of the earth's surface. The population is estimated at around 380,000,000 inhabitants. Fourth continent in terms of surface area after Asia, Africa and North America, it is fifth in terms of population and number of inhabitants after Asia, Africa, Europe and North America. Politically it is formed by Brazil, Argentina, Colombia, Chile, Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Venezuela, Uruguay and Suriname.
Flights low cost
Those who want to travel to South America by plane can take advantage of favorable rates through the use of low cost flights, or last minute trips, respectively organized by the airlines on the occasion of special offers or promotions or by the various tour operators, in order to save on the purchase of airline tickets. The related reservations can be carried out online in a convenient and fast way by choosing the most appropriate payment method.
The name of south america was attributed by the cartographers Martin Waldseemüller and Martin Waldseemüller in 1507 after Amerigo Vespucci suggested that the newly discovered continent was not the East Indies, but a New World unknown to Europeans. The continent is located entirely in the Western Hemisphere and partly in the Southern Hemisphere, except for some regions located north of the Equator in the Northern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Pacific Ocean to the west and by the Atlantic Ocean to the north and east. North America and the Caribbean Sea are located to the northwest.
As far as geography is concerned, South America has the largest river in terms of water flow, the Amazon River, the highest waterfalls in the world, the Salto Angel in Venezuela, the longest mountain range, the Andes whose highest peak is Aconcagua with 6,962 meters above sea level, driest desert, Atacama Desert, largest rainforest, Amazonia, highest capital, La Paz in Bolivia, highest commercial lake navigable, Lake Titicaca, the southernmost city in the world, the city of Porto Toro in Chile. among the major resources of the subsoil we find gold, silver, copper, iron, tin and oil. Several unique animal species are found in South America, including llamas, anacondas, piranhas, jaguars, vicunas, and tapirs. The forests of the Amazon, however, have a high level of biodiversity. By far the largest country, both in terms of area and population, it is Brazil, followed by Argentina.
Due to the amplitude of the latitude that occupies the continent, a variety of climates exist on the territory. The hot humid one of the Amazon rainforest, the cold dry one of Patagonia, the arid one of the Atacama desert, the icy windy one of Tierra del Fuego. We also consider that most of it lies between the equator in the northern part and the Tropic of Capricorn, while the southern tip penetrates a subarctic region. Among the other factors that determine climate variations, we also mention the difference in temperature between the two oceans. Generally the coast exposed to the Atlantic is warmer and the one facing the Pacific is colder due to the presence of the Humboldt current. The presence of the Andes, whose temperature varies considerably according to the altitude.
In South America they are reported as major international airports, in Brazil, Brasilia International Airport, Fortaleza Airport, Rio de Janeiro Jacarepaguà, Rio de Janeiro Galeão International Airport, Sao Paulo Guarulhos International Airport. In Argentina Aeroparque Jorge Newbery and Ministro Pistarini International Airport in Buenos Aires. In Venezuela Simón Bolívar International Airport in Caracas. In Colombia El Dorado International Airport in Bogota, Alfonso Bonilla Aragón International Airport in Cali, Ernesto Cortissoz International Airport in Barranquilla. and the José María Córdova International Airport in Medellín. In Bolivia the El Alto International Airport in La Paz. In Chile, the Comodoro Arturo Merino Benítez International Airport is located in the municipality of Pudahuel, 15 km northwest of the center of Santiago de Chile. In Ecuador the Mariscal Sucre International Airport located about 18 km east of Quito, In Peru, Jorge Chávez International Airport located 11 km from the center of Lima. Finally in Uruguay the Carrasco International, an airport located 5 km from Montevideo