La capitale della Catalogna è Barcellona, fiorente centro industriale con il maggior porto della Spagna, affacciato sul Mar Mediterraneo. The months of May, June and September are the recommended periods to visit Barcelona and its marvels monuments and museums.
The climate in Barcelona is typically Mediterranean and mild, in winter they do not exist particular problems, while in the summer months of July and August temperatures can even reach 38° Celsius.
In Barcelona the airport is located about 14 km from the city in a south-easterly direction, it is an important airport with direct domestic and international flights to North America and many European cities. The Estació Sants e the Estació França are the two main railway stations with important connections internally and towards France. Close to Arc de Triomf metro station. there is the main station for long-distance buses.
In recent years, the city of Barcelona has become one of the most visited European capitals by tourists from Spain and all over Europe. Barcelona El Prat Airport is located southwest of the city center just 3 km from the port, serving the El Prat metropolitan area. Completely renovated for the 1992 Olympics, the airport is still undergoing modernization today, especially as regards Terminal T1 and Terminal T2. The creation of a new terminal for business travelers allows passengers to enjoy VIP lounges, meeting rooms and business centres. To reach Barcelona city there is a bus service departing from all three terminals, alternatively travelers can also use the train service or hire a taxi or rental car.
The subway is the best way to move around the city of 'Barcelona' for travel and tourist stays. Sometimes to reach particular places in the suburbs it will be necessary to use the bus or the train. To save costs it is It is possible to buy multiple tickets valid for multiple journeys.
Among the most interesting places to visit in Barcelona we mention the Gothic quarter called Barri Gòtic where the Cathedral and most of the old Roman walls are located, La Rambla the picturesque avenue that connects the port with Placa de Catalunya, the Picasso Museum, la Pedrera, the hill called Montjuïc, the Tibidabo, the Barceloneta fishing district and the Parc de la Ciutadella.
Tourism and holidays
The city offers, for lovers of tourism, a large number of museums and points of interest, as well as a large number of nightclubs that represent meeting points for young and old, such as pubs, discos, restaurants, night clubs. Barcelona is the city of Gaudi, the greatest exponent of Catalan modernism, author of splendid buildings such as the imposing one Sagrada Familia, Güell Palace, Güell Park, Casa Batlló. During the summer season the long sandy beach of the Barceloneta is populated by tourists of all nationalities who, in the evening, flock to the Ramblas, probably the most famous avenue in all of Europe. In the city of Barcelona walking through its streets, you can find traces of its millenary history, from the Roman ruins and the medieval city up to the neighborhoods of modernism Catalan, with its characteristic buildings, its square blocks, its tree-lined avenues and its wide streets.
The area of the old urban center of Barcelona is flat while the newer neighborhoods become steeper as one approaches the mountain range, so the streets of Barcelona sometimes resemble those of San Francisco. In the Barri Gòtic district, in the old city, note the beautiful Gothic cathedral dedicated to Sant'Eulalia, patroness of the city of Barcelona, the cathedral can be visited freely at certain times of the day, otherwise the entrance is paid and includes not only the church but also the museums annexed inside the buildings connected to the cathedral including the Palau del Lloctinent which forms the backdrop to the Plaça del Rei. Still in the Barri Gòtic there are two other noteworthy churches. S. Maria del Mar and S. Maria del Pi.
Among the places of greatest interest is Las Ramblas in Castilian or Les Rambles in Catalan, an avenue located between Plaça Catalunya, the city center, and the old port of Barcelona.
A few steps from La Rambla is the Maritime Museum dedicated above all to the naval history of the Mediterranean Sea, in which you can admire the full-scale reproduction of a fighting galley, the museum is located in the naval centers of the Middle Ages where boats were built who sailed the Mediterranean. The old port offers other attractions such as a center with shops, restaurants, cinemas and the largest aquarium of Mediterranean marine fauna.
In the modern neighborhoods of Barcelona there are several streets and avenues such as Passeig de Gràcia or Paseo de Gracia, Rambla de Catalunya and Avinguda Diagonal or Avenida Diagonal, where the best known international brands are present and where there are shops of famous houses fashion, leather goods, jewelery and more.
The famous Antoni Gaudí lived and worked in Barcelona, his works which attract many tourists from all over the world every year, have been able to leave an imprint on the city. The most representative is the Sagrada Familia which Gaudí left unfinished and which is still being built in the same way cathedrals were built in the Middle Ages. Based on modern means of construction, the cathedral will be completed around 2020.
Among the major works of Antoni Gaudí, famous and important are, the Park Güell, the Casa Milà, better known by the name of "La Pedrera", and Casa Batlló. An example of Catalan modernism is instead given by the Palau de la Música Catalana by Lluis Domènech i Montaner, located in the San Pere district on via Laietana, parallel to the Rambla, declared a world heritage site in 1997.
To admire a splendid panorama of the whole city, you can go up to Montjuïc, the small mountain located near the port, on top of which stands the Montjuïc Castle, an ancient military fortress which served to guard the entrance to Barcelona from the sea . This place is infamous for the Catalans because in 1940 the national hero Lluis Companys was executed by garrote. On this mountain there are also Olympic facilities such as the Olimpic Lluís Companys stadium, the sports palace designed by Arata Isozaki and the swimming pools. Also in Montjuïc is the botanical garden which has a unique collection of cacti. Another place where you can enjoy the view of Barcelona is the Tibidabo mountain in the highest part of the city. It can be reached by car, bus, tram and funicular. In Tibidabo there is an amusement park and the telecommunications mast designed by Norman Foster.
Low cost flights
The Catalan city of Barcelona is easily accessible from Rome's Leonardo da Vinci Fiumicino airport and the Malpensa Airport of Milan through Iberia scheduled flights, Vueling and Ita Airways and last minute travel offers organized by the main travel agencies and tour operators, or you can go independently by booking low cost flights and hotels on the site Booking
Las Ramblas is a set of five avenues located near the port, with a total length of 1180 meters, where you can find street markets, painters and designers. The street is always busy with people and along its central sidewalk you can find newsagent's, florists, bird sellers, street artists, cafés, restaurants and shops. In this respect they can be distinguished the Rambla Canaletes, the first and shorter rambla, which in its name recalls a font that has now disappeared and been replaced by the nineteenth-century font dels Canaletes. Rambla de Sant Josep, also known as Rambla des Flors, was the site of the market from the thirteenth to the nineteenth century, when the Sant Josep market was built, which is still a very busy food market today. Rambla dels Estudis, also called Rambla dels Ocells due to the colony of sparrows that nest in the trees and for the various bird vendor stalls. Rambla Santa Monica is the last and largest stretch of the rambla which gradually opens towards the sea, flowing into the placa del Portal de la Pa. Rambla Caputxins was once full of convents and institutes that have now disappeared, and finally Placa de la Boqueria, the central point of the Rambla, marked by the floor mosaic by Joan Mirò. Walking along Barcelona's Rambles you can admire various buildings of interest such as the Virreina Palace, the colorful Boqueria market and the famous theatre, El Liceu, where operas and ballets are performed. La Rambla ends arriving at the old port where there is the statue of Christopher Columbus pointing his finger to the sea.
Capital of the region of Catalonia, Barcelona represents the second largest city in Spain after Madrid, is located on the edge of the Mediterranean Sea, about 160 km south of the Pyrenees mountain range and 180 from the Col du Perthus, which marks the border with France, in a plain located between the sea and the aforementioned mountain range, between the mouths of the Besòs and Llobregat rivers. The municipality is bordered to the north by the municipalities of Santa Coloma de Gramenet and Sant Adrià de Besòs, to the west by Montcada i Reixac and Sant Cugat del Vallès, to the south by the free zone with L'Hospitalet and Esplugues de Llobregat, while to the east it remains only the sea. In the past, in Roman times, the city was baptized with the name of Colonia Iulia Augusta Faventia Paterna Barcino. The ancient organization of the streets is still visible in the maps of the historic center and in the Roman walls that have remained standing.
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